India is the worlds largest producer, consumer and exporter of chillies with the largest area under chillies in the world.Almost all the states of India produce the crop. Major growing states are Andhra Pradesh (49%), Karnataka (15%) Orissa (8%), Maharashtra (6 %), West Bengal (5%), Rajasthan (4%) and Tamil Nadu (3%). Chillies can be grown during the entire year at one or the other part of the country. However, the major arrival season extends from February to April. Chilli has two important commercial qualities. Some varieties are famous for red colour because of the pigment casanthin, others are known for biting pungency attributed by capsaicin. India is the only country rich in many varieties with different quality factors. Of the several varieties of chilli cultivated, the most popular are, Sannam, LC 334, Byadgi, Wonder Hot, Jwala etc. Being the largest consumer of chilli in the world, around 90% of India's production, is consumed within the country.